Treatments & Procedures
Specialists at Lakewood Regional Medical Center are ready to develop a personalized treatment plan for your stage and type of cancer and to help get you on the road to recovery.
Among the most common cancer treatments and procedures:
Blood product donation and transfusion
Some cancers cause internal bleeding; others affect the bone marrow, resulting in low blood counts. In these cases in which new healthy blood is needed, a nurse or physician inserts an IV line into one of the patient’s blood vessels and administers healthy blood or blood products of the patient’s same blood type.
Brachytherapy is internal radiation. It involves implanting radioactive isotopes inside or near a tumor, or ingesting a radioactive substance by mouth or tube. Brachytherapy can be permanent, temporary or may be a radiation source that the body eventually sheds by itself. Brachytherapy delivers a concentrated dosage of radiation directly to the tumor.
In chemotherapy (chemo), physicians administer medicines or drugs that stop or slow the growth of cancerous cells. Depending on the case, these medicines can destroy cancer cells outright or make tumors smaller in preparation for surgery or radiation therapy.
Gamma knife radiosurgery
Physicians treat malignant brain tumors by destroying them with a concentrated dose of gamma radiation. This surgery is noninvasive (meaning there is no incision or actual "knife") and is designed to cause less pain and cost less than conventional surgery.
The idea of using heat to treat cancer has been around for some time, but early attempts had mixed results. Today, physicians use state-of-the-art tools to allow the precise delivery of heat, and hyperthermia is being studied for use against many types of cancer.
Immunotherapy is treatment that uses your body's own immune system to help fight cancer. Physicians stimulate a patient’s immune system in a variety of ways, training it to work harder or teaching it to attack cancer cells specifically. In other cases, a doctor may administer man-made immune system proteins to attack malignant cells.
Lasers in cancer treatment
Surgeons are now able to use very powerful, precise beams of light called lasers instead of blades (scalpels) for delicate surgical work, including treating some cancers.
In photodynamic therapy (PDT), physicians inject special drugs, called photosensitizing agents, into the bloodstream. Cancer cells absorb these drugs. When the cells are exposed to light, the drug reacts with oxygen, forming a chemical that kills the cells.
Cancer patients have access to radiology services. Board-certified radiologists offer expertise in interventional diagnostics and therapies, which include low-dose CT scans.
A surgeon uses specialized instruments to access areas inside the body to diagnose, treat or even help prevent cancer in some cases. Surgically removing cancerous cells is often the greatest chance for cure, especially if the cancer has not spread to other parts of the body. Surgical oncologist and gynecological oncology surgeons have completed specific training in the surgical management of cancer.
Targeted therapy, also known as biotherapy, is a newer type of cancer treatment in which doctors administer drugs or other substances to more precisely identify and attack cancer cells, usually while doing little damage to normal cells. Targeted therapy is a growing part of many cancer treatment regimens.
Let Lakewood connect you with a physician
Call (855) 580-3668 or use our Find a Physician tool
to be connected to a cancer specialist who can help you. You can also read more about various cancers in our Health Library